Figure 8 - Battery Maintenance Inspection
cable clamps. Other type terminals can be cleaned
with a wire brush. The cable terminals should then
be cleaned with an acid neutralizing solution of
baking soda and water. Clean dirt from the battery
top with a cloth moistened with baking soda and
water. Then wipe with a cloth moistened with clear
water. A wire brush can be used to remove dirt,
corrosion or rust from the battery tray or hold down
After rust is removed, rinse with clear water, dry with
air and repaint.
After cleaning, reinstall battery and hold down parts
as instructed under REMOVAL AND
INSTALLATION. Coat battery and cable terminals
with terminal grease (IH part number 472121C1) and
connect cables to battery terminals. Connect ground
On low maintenance (conventional) batteries, check
the electrolyte level. If necessary, add distilled water to
bring the liquid level to the level indicator. If the battery
does not have a level indicator, bring the level to 13 mm
(1/2 inch) above the tops of the separators. Do not
overfill any cell. When a cell is overfilled, the excess
electrolyte may be forced from the cell by the gas formed
In the battery. This will cause excessive corrosion of
adjacent metal parts, reduced performance and shorter
Frequent need for refilling battery cells may indicate that
battery is being over-charged. Check charging system
and readjust voltage regulator as needed.
Maintenance free type batteries do not require
addition of water under normal operating conditions.
If loss of electrolyte is suspected, check electrolyte
level as instructed under TESTING and determine
cause for low level.
EMERGENCY (JUMPER) STARTING
The procedure outlined below should be followed exact-
ly if it becomes necessary to use a booster battery to
start a vehicle with a discharged battery.
CAUTION - BOTH BOOSTER AND DISCHARGED
BATTERIES MUST BE TREATED CAREFULLY WHEN
USING JUMPER CABLES. BE CAREFUL NOT TO
CAUSE SPARKS. OBSERVE ALL PRECAUTIONARY
MEASURES LISTED UNDER PRECAUTIONS.
WEAR GOGGLES TO SHIELD EYES.
ANY PROCEDURE OTHER THAN THAT OUTLINED
BELOW COULD RESULT IN (1) PERSONAL INJURY
CAUSED BY ELECTROLYTE SQUIRTING OUT THE
BATTERY VENT, (2) PERSONAL INJURY OR PROP-
ERTY DAMAGE DUE TO BATTERY EXPLOSION, (3)
DAMAGE TO THE CHARGING SYSTEM OF THE
BOOSTER VEHICLE OR OF THE IMMOBILIZED
Make sure booster and discharged batteries are the
same voltage (6-volt or 12-volt).
Make certain the stalled vehicle and the one containing
the booster battery do not touch. If the two vehicles are
in contact, a ground connection could be established
which could cause sparking when jumper cables are
On both vehicles: Set parking brake. Place trans-
mission in NEUTRAL or PARK. Turn lights, heater
and other electrical loads "OFF". Make certain igni-
tion key is turned "OFF".
Determine whether the discharged battery has the
negative (-) or positive (+) terminal grounded. The
ground cable is connected to the engine block,
vehicle frame or other good metallic ground. The
battery cable connected to the starter relay is the one
which is NOT grounded.
Be sure vent caps are tight on both batteries. Place
a damp cloth over the vents of each battery. Make
certain cloth is clear of fan blades, belts and other
On negative ground vehicles, attach one end of the
jumper cable to the positive (+) terminal of the
CTS-4111B - Page 8