Check pistons for scores, cracks or enlarged ring
grooves; replace pistons if any of these conditions are
Measure each piston with a micrometer in relation to the
cylinder bore diameter to be sure the clearance is
between 0.002 in. minimum and 0.004 in. maximum.
Check fit of wrist pins on pistons and connecting rod
bushings. Wrist pin should be a light press fit in pistons.
If wrist pin is loose fit, the pin, piston, or both should be
Check fit of wrist pin in connecting rod bushing by
rocking the piston. This clearance should not exceed
Replace wrist pin bushings if excessive clearance is
Wrist pin bushings should be reamed after being
pressed into connecting rods. Replace Teflon plugs in
each end of the wrist pins.
Check fit of piston rings in piston ring grooves. Check
ring gap with rings installed in cylinder bores.
PISTON RING POSITIONS -
GAPS AND GROOVE CLEARANCE
All rings must be located in their
proper ring grooves a shown. The
rings can be identified by the width
and should be installed with the bewl
or the pipmark (if any) toward the top
of the piston. This applies to Cast
Iron Pistons (only as shown above).
Check crankshaft screw threads, keyways, tapered ends
and all machined and ground surfaces for wear, scores,
or damage. Crankshaft journals which are out of round
more than 0.001 in. must be reground. Bearing inserts
are available in 0.010 in., 0.020 in., and 0.030 in.
undersizes for reground crankshafts. Main bearing
journals must be maintained so bearings are snug fit.
Check to be sure the oil passages are open and clean
through the crankshaft.
CONNECTING ROD BEARINGS
Check connecting rod bearings on crankshaft journals
for proper fit. Used bearing inserts should be replaced.
Connecting rod caps are not interchangeable. The
locking slots of the connecting rod and cap should be
positioned adjacent to each other.
Clearance between the connecting rod journal and the
connecting rod bearing must not be less than 0.0003 in.
or more than 0.0021 in. after rebuilding.
Check for wear or flat spots; if found, bearings should be
replaced. The sleeve bearing should be checked for
scores and wear and replaced if necessary.
Used unloader mechanism should be replaced by
unloader kit 265014.
The new unloader pistons should be a loose sliding fit in
the unloader piston bores of the cylinder block.